Q: What is a JSA and how does it keep my team safe?
A: Construction teams can be better prepared for a job site and establish higher safety measures by first performing a job safety analysis (JSA), also known as a jobsite hazard analysis (JHA). The JSA process allows team members to identify potential jobsite risks and mitigate them.
JSAs and JHAs look at how a job will be done, identify hazards workers will be exposed to, then provide the safest way to conduct the job. While they are most effective when done before a job begins, it is never too late to start, even if the work has already begun.
So how do you perform an analysis?
There are two ways: 1) Observe the job being completed and document the process, or 2) have a group discussion by experienced employees to evaluate the job.
There are general 4 steps to the process:
- Select a job to analyze
- Identify the steps to complete the job
- Determine risks present in each step
- Find best approach to mitigate risks
When the analysis is complete, be sure you communicate results to employees, preferably in a visual or narrative format. This will help your team better understand and relate to the information, resulting in higher engagement than a formal report would produce.
If you need help getting started, download our template. You’re always welcome to contact me if you’d like additional guidance.